Chairman, JP Morgan Chase International and Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Group of Thirty
2004-2009 - Vice Chairman of American International Group, Inc.,
2000-2004 - Chairman of Merrill Lynch International Inc., Chairman of Merrill Lynch’s Sovereign Advisory and Global Financial Institutions Groups;
1991-2000 - Governor of the Bank of Israel;
1987-1991 - Economic Counselor and Director of Research at the International Monetary Fund;
1973-1987 - Editor of the Journal of Political Economy at the faculty of the University of Chicago (the position of the David Rockefeller, Professor of International Economics);
1995-1996 - Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Inter-American Development Bank;
1999-2000 - Vice Chairman of the Board of Governors of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development;
1991-2000 - Governor of the IMF and Alternate Governor of the World Bank for Israel.
1963‑1965 - Undergraduate studies, Economics and Political Science, Hebrew University, Israel;
1966‑1967 - Graduate studies, Economics, Hebrew University, Israel;
1968‑1970 - Graduate studies, Economics, University of Chicago.
Author of numerous books and articles in the fields of International Economics and
1966 - B.A., Economics and Political Science, Hebrew University, Israel;
1969 - M.A., Economics, University of Chicago;
1970 - Ph.D., Economics, University of Chicago.