Kazakhstan is on its way to grand transformations, the most important of which is the implementation of the Digital Kazakhstan government program. The program encompasses the activity of the entire country, from igitaliza large enterprises to training students in digital literacy. The issue of qualitative digital transformation is of critical importance for the development of the state economy, for which the International Expert Council on Digitalization was established. What path was taken by other countries? What methods in this area have been most effective? How can digitalization aid in the development of “traditional” branches of the economy?